In the ever-evolving world of web development, the combination of TypeScript and Vue 3 stands out as a beacon of progress. TypeScript, with its static typing, offers a more robust codebase, making applications less prone to runtime errors. Vue 3, on the other hand, has brought about a paradigm shift in how we think about and structure our components. When these two are combined, we get a powerful synergy that can significantly enhance the developer experience and the robustness of applications. This article delves deep into how to harness the power of TypeScript classes in Vue 3.

TypeScript Decorators: A Brief Overview

Decorators in TypeScript provide a way to add annotations and a meta-programming syntax for class declarations and members. They are a stage 2 proposal for JavaScript and are used extensively in TypeScript to provide design-time type information and runtime reflection capabilities. Decorators use the form @expression, where expression must evaluate to a function that will be called at runtime with information about the decorated declaration.

For instance, in Vue 3, decorators like @Component and @Prop are used to define and manipulate components and their properties, respectively.

Key Concepts

The Plugin: Vue Class Component

The Vue Class Component plugin is a crucial tool that allows developers to write Vue components in a class-style syntax with TypeScript. It uses ECMAScript decorators to pass statically typed values directly to components in Vue, making the compiler understand the component structure. This plugin is especially beneficial as Vue components heavily rely on the JavaScript object’s this keyword, which can be confusing when creating a TypeScript object.

Real-world Examples

  1. Basic Component with Vue-Facing-Decorator:

    import { Component, Vue, toNative } from 'vue-facing-decorator';
    class MyComponent extends Vue {
      text = 'Example code';
      method() {
      mounted() {
    export default toNative(MyComponent);
  2. Defining Properties with Vue Property Decorator: With the Vue Property Decorator, you can define properties like data, methods, computed properties, props, and watchers directly on the class. For instance:

    import { Component, Prop, Vue } from 'vue-property-decorator';
    export default class App extends Vue {
      @Prop() readonly text!: string;
      @Prop({ default: 'John doe' }) readonly name: string;
      @Prop({ required: true }) readonly age: number;
      @Prop(String) readonly phone: string;
      @Prop({ required: true, type: String, default: 'Student' })
      readonly job: string;


The integration of TypeScript’s powerful classes in Vue 3 offers a more structured, type-safe, and enhanced developer experience. By understanding and utilizing TypeScript decorators, developers can create more robust and maintainable Vue applications. As the tech industry continues to evolve, the fusion of tools like TypeScript and Vue 3 will undoubtedly play a pivotal role in shaping the future of web development.

As TypeScript and Vue continue to evolve, what other synergies can we anticipate in the future that will further revolutionize the way we develop web applications. Who knows. Maybe we’ll see a Vue 4 with built-in TypeScript support. Only time will tell.

NPM Package

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